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    2.0 INVENTORISATION OF SPONGE IRON PLANTS 2 2.01 Historical Development of Sponge Iron Making 2 2.02 World DRI Production Scenario 3 2.03 Indian DRI Production Scenario 3 2.04 Location 4 3.0 PROCESS TECHNOLOGY FOLLOWED FOR SPONGE IRON 20 3.01 Type of Process

  • Iron & Steel Industry in India: Production, Market Size

    India was the worlds second-largest steel producer with production standing at 111.2 million tonnes (MT) in 2019. The growth in the Indian steel sector has been driven by domestic availability of raw materials such as iron ore and cost-effective labour. Consequently, the steel sector has been a

  • Advances in Low Grade Iron Ore Beneficiation

    iron ore is expected to rise by more than 200 million tonne per year to meet the internal demand & export. This additional requirement of iron ore will need beneficiation of low grade ore/fines to get the major portion of increased demand. This paper deals in brief to use of available methodologies for beneficiation of iron ore in Indian context.

  • Direct reduced iron - Wikipedia

    Direct reduced iron (DRI), also called sponge iron, is produced from the direct reduction of iron ore (in the form of lumps, pellets, or fines) into iron by a reducing gas or elemental carbon produced from natural gas or coal.Many ores are suitable for direct reduction. Direct reduction refers to solid-state processes which reduce iron oxides to metallic iron at temperatures below the melting

  • Clean Development Mechanism and it's Application in

    practice of most sponge iron and makers in India who cool the waste gas by spraying water in a spray chamber. The project boundary is considered as WHRBs, the generation system and the grid where the power is fed. (i) Baseline Scenario : The baseline of power generation in India is coal based thermal power plants as this

  • Iron Sponge Process - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    James G. Speight Ph.D., D.Sc., in Natural Gas (Second Edition), 2019 8.5.1 Iron sponge process. An example of a hydrogen sulfide scavenger process is the iron sponge process (also called the dry box process), which is the oldest and still the most widely used batch process for sweetening of natural gas and natural gas liquids (Anerousis and Whitman, 1984).

  • Utilization of Kiln Accretion as a Raw Material in Rural

    sized and to some extent the waste raw materials not used in other standard process of iron and steel making. The huge dump of Iron ore fines and inferior coal can be well utilized in sponge iron plant. For every 100 ton per day of sponge iron plant, the daily consumptions are: 160-175 ton of iron ore, 120-150 ton of coal, 3.5-5.00 ton of

  • Sponge Iron Manufacturer India

    The Sponge Iron Manufacturers Association (SIMA) established in 1992 is an all India apex body of Indian sponge iron industry. It is the voice of the indian iron ore based sponge iron & steel industry, at both domestic and global forums. As a not-for-profit society, SIMA has been mandated to communicate the viewpoints of its constituents & al

  • Good Practices Manual - NPC

    Outline of Energy Scenario of India . 7 ; 4.1 Brief description of sponge iron plant process 40 4.2 Technological options for coal based plants 42 The Indian Iron and Steel industry is vital to the nations development efforts and to support the required rapid economic growth. Steel finds its application in a wide range of sectors such as


    Indian Scenario Steel is crucial to the development of any modern economy and is considered to be the number of major investments and developments in the recent past. The Indian steel industry has entered into a new development stage, post de-regulation, riding Capacity in Sponge Iron making too has increased over the years and stood at

  • Sponge Iron - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    DRI, also known as sponge iron, is the product of reducing iron oxide in the form of iron ore and steel plant wastes into metallic iron, below the melting point of iron and typically in the range of 8001200 °C. Iron oxide is charged into shaft furnace, rotary kiln, or fluidized beds in the form of pellet, iron ore lumps, or fines. The reduction takes place using gaseous reductants (CO + H


    India, the world's largest producer of direct reduced iron (DRI) or sponge iron, is also expected to maintain its lead in the near future. Sponge iron production grew at a CAGR of 11 per cent to reach a level of 21.09 million tonne in 2008-09 compared to 12.54 million tonne in 2004-05. India


    India, the world's largest producer of direct reduced iron (DRI) or sponge iron, is also expected to maintain its lead in the near future. Sponge iron production grew at a CAGR of 11 per cent to reach a level of 21.09 million tonne in 2008-09 compared to 12.54 million tonne in 2004-05. India

  • (DOC) Essar Case Study Shail Sheth - Academia.edu

    The MobileStore is the largest Indian telecom retail network in the organized sector. Essar RealtyEquinox Realty, headquartered in Mumbai, made its entry into the real estate business in 2007. It has grown rapidly since its inception and has a current portfolio of approximately 16 million sq. ft. under various stages of development.

  • DRI UPDATE - Sponge Iron Manufacturer India

    lead over India. Energy scenario in India is changing very fast. There is a serious discussion of exploring the possibility of increased use of natural gas, syn gas, hydrogen gas for production of DRI and steel basically to reduce carbon footprints. Steel producers all over the world are under pressure to

  • Lubrication of Girth Gears in Sponge Iron Plants

    Oct 03, 2011· India became the largest producer of sponge iron with a record production of 7.7 million tons in year 2003. At present it is about 12.77 MT[3]. The India is the highest producer of coal-based DRI in the world. sponge iron can be utilized in iron making for two main applications reduction in coke rates and Increase in hot metal productivity.

  • sponge iron process

    Jul 29, 2010· LIST OF INDIAN STANDARDS ON SPONGE IRON: IS 10812: 1992 Classification of sponge iron/direct reduced iron(DRI) for steel making. IS 10852: 1984 Guidelines for storage and transportation of sponge iron/direct reduced iron(DRI) IS 11092: 1991 Iron ore pellets for direct reduction process.


    India was the largest producer of sponge iron in the world during the period 2003-2015 and was the 2nd largest producer in 2016 (after Iran) . The coal based route accounted for 79% of total sponge iron production in the country in 2016-17 (prov). Data on production / production for sale of pig iron, sponge iron and total finished steel

  • (PDF) Energy survey of the coal based sponge iron industry

    Apr 20, 2015· A survey is made on a typical coal based Indian sponge iron plant of capacity 500 t/d in order to identify the largest energy losses and find ways to increase the efficiency.

  • (PDF) "Sponge Iron Industry in Chhattisgarh : A Perspective

    Jan 14, 2020· Sponge Iron Industry in recent years has witnessed growth in India as well as globally. Chhattisgarh blessed with abundant natural resources is one of major producers of Sponge Iron in India.

  • Powder metallurgy - Wikipedia

    Sponge iron process. The longest established of these processes is the sponge iron process, the leading example of a family of processes involving solid state reduction of an oxide. In the process, selected magnetite (Fe 3 O 4) ore is mixed with coke and lime and placed in a silicon carbide retort. The filled retort is then heated in a kiln

  • Ganesh Metalicks

    Welcome to Shree Ganesh Metaliks. Shree Ganesh Metaliks Ltd is a name to reckon with in the Iron &Steel industry. Established as a small family business, today the organization has grown manifolds with forays into Sponge Iron manufacturing, Power Generation, Steel Trading & Real Estate Development.

  • Energy survey of the coal based sponge iron industry

    Sep 01, 2015· The actual process of the coal based sponge iron production is based on SL/RN process (jointly developed by the Steel Company of Canada, Lurgi Chemie, Republic Steel Company and National Lead Corporation in 1964), which works on direct reduction of ore.This process is adopted by worldwide conventional sponge iron industries.

  • Project Report on sponge iron reduction plant

    Detailed Project Report (DPR) on sponge iron reduction plant Present Market Position and Expected Future Demand, Technology, Manufacturing Process, Investment Opportunity, Plant Economics and Project Financials. comprehensive analysis from industry covering detailed reporting and evaluates the position of the industry by providing insights to the SWOT analysis of the industry.

  • STEEL PROJECT (IRON, SPONGE IRON TO - Entrepreneur India

    steel project (iron, sponge iron to billet to rods) Niir Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) through its network of project consultants in a wide range of business and technological disciplines is engaged in providing services to its clients by way of preparation of project reports.

  • Corex Process in Iron Making - SlideShare

    Dec 02, 2009· Corex Process in Iron Making WORLD SCENARIO: Development of the COREX process dates back to the 1980s and was performed by Voest-Alpine (Germany/Austria). The first commercial COREX unit was constructed between 1985 and 1987 at ISCORs Pretoria works, after first testing the process in Germany. INDIAN SCENARIO: The COREX C-2000 Plant

  • sponge iron industry current scenario

    SPONGE IRON INDUSTRY : CURRENT SCENARIO. The sponge iron industry is concerned about the problem of pollution and global warming. Units are trying their leve best to control pollution but we consider that the governmen must step in to help the sponge iron units in their efforts Approximately Rs. 600 crores has been contributed to the exchequer on account of excise duty.

  • sponge iron process

    May 04, 2014· sponge iron making through coal based (non-coking coal) is developed by siil, andhra pradesh through undp/unido aid and m/s.lurgi chemie technique , west germay. all the sponge iron plants of capacities of 50tpd, 100 tpd, 350 tpd and 500 tpd are developed on this technology only.

  • Sponge iron industry needs quick actions for survival

    Oct 24, 2013· Among the Indian steel industry, Indian sponge iron industry was the first which was delicensed way back in 1985 much before the delicensing and opening up of the Indian economy in 1991. At that time Indias second largest import (after crude oil) was steel melting scrap.

  • 4th Indian Iron-Ore, Pellet and DRI Summit 2020

    With major merchant Iron Ore mining leases coming up for auction, Indian Iron Ore Industry is expected to undergo a transitional phase in 2020. Mining companies like NMDC and OMC aims to strengthen Iron Ore output in the coming years.


    Iron ore pellets are used in blast / electric furnaces for producing sponge iron and steels. Market by high productivity, lower fuel consumption and improved furnace control, pellets are now preferred all over the world for primary steel making. Market Research, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, project report, Cost and

  • Coronavirus Impact India's Sponge Iron Industry, The

    Apr 09, 2020· India's sponge iron industry, the largest in the world, is going through an acute shortage of labour that threatens to bring it to a halt. Vaccine development is a long, complex process


    sponge iron went down upto Rs. 8200/- per ton. Such tumbling of prices hits at the economic viability of the sponge iron sector. Sponge iron industry has made several representations to the competent authorities for changes in policy which will help the sponge iron industry to procure iron ore at a regulated / reasonable price.

  • Transformation of Indian Sponge Iron Industry Vis-à-vis

    May 21, 2014· Since the last 30 years, the Indian Sponge Iron (SI) industry has grown by leaps and bounds. Though the sector has undergone rapid growth in recent past, the growth graph is not likely to be sustained due to multiple geo-political and other related factors. Besides, the opening up of the economy has given unprecedented importance to the issues pertaining to quality at all levels i.e. from raw

  • Analysis of the Global Steel Industry - UK Essays

    Likewise, the production of sponge iron also increased sharply by 25 per cent, from about 10.3 million tonnes in 2004-05 to 12.9 million tonnes in 2005-06. Currently, India is the largest sponge iron producer in the world and ranks seventh among steel-producing countries.

  • The reasons for the success of Sponge Iron Industry in India

    Jul 28, 2017· Sponge iron manufacturing gained prominence in India owing to short supply and high prices of scrap, low technology barriers and a high presence of EAF plants in the domestic market. Therefore, India became the largest producer of sponge iron in the world and accounted for ~24% of the global production in 2016.

  • Ironmaking Process - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Apr 04, 2012· The ironmaking process in the blast furnace is a heat and mass transfer process, and the furnace can be divided into different zones according to physical and chemical state of the feed and temperature. Figure 1.1.5 illustrates various zones of the blast furnace and feed distribution and materials flow [13].Corresponding to each temperature interval, typical reactions will take place.

  • Xindia Steels

    In the Indian context, by the year 2020, Indias production of steel is expected to touch 110 Million Tonnes from the current level of approximately 45-50 Million Tonnes. It is imperative that the fines generated in the mining of iron ore be utilized for the production of steel.

  • Development of energy conservations scenarios for sponge

    Prasad et al. (2011b) proposed design modifications for the sponge iron industry using principles of process integration, which eliminated the use of evaporating chamber resulting in 72.6 and 30.5

  • status of sponge iron plant, Orissa

    3 Raw Material for sponge iron plant Coal: Non-coking coal having certain important parameters is being used for the direct reduction of iron ore . Important factors determining coal quality are: Chemical properties such as fixed carbon, ash content, volatile matter, etc.: & Physical properties viz, reactivity and ash fusion temperature. In Orissa scenario, all most all the sponge iron

  • (PDF) Solid wastes generation in steel industry and their

    The Indian Iron and Steel scenario has changed considerably after the announcement of Government Policy on de-control and liberalization. Several new entrepreneurs have entered the steel industry.

  • The Construction Sector in India and Climate Change

    The Construction Sector in India and Climate Change T he construction sector in India emits about 22% of the total annual emission of CO2 resulting from the Indian economy. Of the emissions from the construction sector, 80% are resulting mainly from the products/industrial processes of four energy intensive building materials:


    sponge iron, originating from Iron Ore, namely, silica and alumina and the sulphur and phosphorous contents adversely affect the economics in subsequent steel making operation. Therefore, the ore should be high in iron content and low in gangue, Physical Specification Size - 5-20 mm Oversize - < 5 % max

  • Iron and Steel Technology Roadmap Analysis - IEA

    In the Sustainable Development Scenario the deployment of one hydrogen-based DRI plant per month is required globally following market introduction of the technology. This raises electricity demand by 720 terawatt hours by 2050, equivalent to 60% of the sectors total electricity consumption today.

  • Physico-chemical Characterization of Sponge Iron Solid

    packed and stored for longer time. Sponge iron constitutes around 3-4% of world's total iron making capacity. Today, India is the largest producer of sponge iron in the world, having 118 plants with an installed production capacity of 11.85 million tons per annum (MTPA); 115 plants are coal based producing 65% of the total production.

  • Alternative Iron making processess - SlideShare

    Jan 18, 2014· Final conclusion Developing markets mainly led by china and India pulling the global steel demand. Restricting growth factors are: Scarcity of high grade raw materials. Global environment problems and concerns. Development of innovative alternative iron-making process technologies. Low grade, low cost resources and to reduce the level of air

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